What is a Condenser Microphone?

You will get so many options when you are looking for a perfect condenser microphone for your studio setup. There are many types of microphones based on the different transducer techniques used.

I am going to tell you everything you should know about Condenser Microphones in this post.

By the end of this post, I am sure if you have questions like How Condenser Microphones works? How it is different than other microphones and everything, you will have in your mind.

Let me break down some things so that you will understand it.

What is the Microphone?

The microphone is a device – a transducer – that converts sound into an electric signal.

In simple words

The microphone is a device that converts external sounds to electric signals.

The transducer in the Microphone converts your voice into Electric Signals. (also the device which converts one form of energy to another)

Based on the different techniques used there are 2 popular types of microphones.  

Types of Microphones

Condenser Microphone Brief

This is post is all about Condenser Microphone. That is why I am going to cover everything about Condenser Microphone in this post.

Condenser Microphones are very popular. It is very handy and perfect for studio recordings.

It is a perfect Microphone for quieter places like studios.

The main characteristics of the Condenser Mic are:

  • The condenser mic uses a Capacitor to convert sound waves to electric signals.
  • Condenser Mic uses power (voltage)

These are the two main characteristics that you can use to identify a Microphone.

Condenser Mics are also called as Capacitor Microphones or Electrostatic Microphones.

As capacitors were also called as the Condensers.

Condenser Microphone invented in the year 1916 by E. C. Wente.  

Check out: Top 10 Best Condenser Microphones Under $100

How Does Condenser Microphone work?

There are 3 main components in Condenser Microphone.

  1. Diaphragm Case – Which holds everything together in the mic.
  2. Diaphragm – The moving part in the mic
  3. Backplate – Static part in the mic

When the capsule is charged, it generates an electrical field and a sound wave hits the diaphragm. Then it moves closer and the farther away from the backplate.

Which results in translating sound signals into electric signals.  

Condenser Mic
Condenser Mic

Look at this image.

Whenever some sound waves come through the mic, it hits the diaphragm. Then, diaphragm starts moving closer and farther from the backplate. That movement of diaphragm and backplates helps to generate the Electric signals.

Those are the electric signals which come as an output.

The working mechanism of Condenser Microphone is simple, isn’t it?

I assume you must have understood how exactly condenser microphone words from inside.  

Advantages of Condenser Microphone

  • Condenser Microphones are more complex and fragile structured.
  • Condenser Microphones pick up wider frequency.
  • They have a more natural sound.
  • They have better sensitivity and high-level output.

Disadvantages of Condenser Microphone

  • It captures a bit of noise.
  • No suitable in a noisy environment.
  • Not good at noise cancellation
  • Cannot bear loud sounds
  • Pick up a wide frequency
  • Natural sound
  • Better sensitivity
  • High-level output
  • Not good at noise cancellation
  • Cannot bear loud noises

Major differences in Condenser Microphone and Dynamic Microphone

After reading all these things, you must be wondering how is Condenser Mic different?

Dynamic Microphones are very simple structures microphones. Dynamic Mics can handle loud sounds signals very well.

One of the most important key factors of Dynamic Mics is:

Dynamic Mics are good at background noise cancellation. They can be used without any worries about the silent environment.

With all the good features disadvantage of Dynamic Microphone is lower output. And Condenser Microphone is great at the work of output.  

If you have already purchased a condenser microphone or you might be going to purchase one for you, you will need to use it properly. If you take care of a few things, you can easily get most out of your microphone.

You can check out Easy Hacks To Improve Microphone Sound Quality that will be helpful for you.

You can also check out: What is a dynamic microphone? How does it work?

Best Condenser Microphone

I hope you must have got all covered the mechanism of Condenser Microphone. If you still have some questions related to Condenser Mic, then leave a comment in the comment box.

You can check out the Top 10 Best Condenser Microphones Under $100 and 6 Best Large-Diaphragm Condenser Microphones

I am going to do proper research and analysis of the Microphone to bring out the best suggestions for you. If you have some questions or requirements, you can let us know in the comment box.

If you are looking for the best microphones for VOCALS, then you can check it out here. 5 Best Condenser Microphones For VOCALS

or you can also check this out: 5 Best Condenser Microphones Under $300

Check out the bestseller condenser microphones on Amazon.

Bestseller No. 1
XLR Condenser Microphone, TONOR Professional Cardioid Studio Mic Kit with T20 Boom Arm, Shock Mount, Pop Filter for Recording, Podcasting, Voice Over, Streaming, Home Studio, YouTube (TC20)
  • External Power Source Required: Note: Condenser microphones have active...
  • Professional Sound: The upgraded mic capsule with low-noise FET preamplifier,...
  • Cardioid Pattern: TC20 adopts a cardioid polar pattern with excellent off-axis...
  • Upgraded T20 Boom Arm: T20 is made of durable steel and comes with a desk clamp...
  • What You Get: 1 x condenser microphone, 1 x T20 suspension stand, 1 x metal...
Bestseller No. 2
Audio-Technica AT2020 Cardioid Condenser Studio XLR Microphone, Ideal for Project/Home Studio Applications
  • The price/performance standard in side address studio condenser microphone...
  • Ideal for project/home studio applications; The noise level is 20 dB SPL
  • High SPL handling and wide dynamic range provide unmatched versatility
  • Custom engineered low mass diaphragm provides extended frequency response and...
  • Cardioid polar pattern reduces pickup of sounds from the sides and rear,...
Bestseller No. 3
USB Microphone,FIFINE Metal Condenser Recording Microphone for Laptop MAC or Windows Cardioid Studio Recording Vocals, Voice Overs,Streaming Broadcast and YouTube Videos-K669B
  • Plug and play Usb recording microphone with 5.9-Foot USB Cable included for...
  • Solid sturdy metal construction design computer microphone with stable tripod...
  • Recording microphone with additional volume knob itself has a louder output and...
  • USB-powered design condenser microphone for recording no need the 48v Phantom...
  • Cardioid polar pattern condenser microphone for computer captures your voice...


What is Condenser Microphones best for?

Condenser Microphones are best for the Studio Recordings. They carry a larger frequency range. Also, Condenser Microphone needs quite places due to is low noise cancellation. The studio is the perfect place for Condenser Microphone.

What is inside the Condenser Microphone?

There are 3 main parts inside the Condenser Microphone, which are Diaphragm Case, Diaphragm and Backplate.

Is Condenser Microphone good for vocals?

Yes, due to its high-frequency range, it is suitable for studio recording. You can use it for vocals, recording sounds or singing also.

Do I need Phantom Power for Condenser Mic?

Yes, you will need a Phantom Power. Condenser Mic uses the power supply. The transducer uses the power to convert sound waves to electric signals.

Which is better? Condenser Mic or Dynamic Mic?

Both have there our features. If you are looking for the Mic for your own recordings, singing or vocals then you can go with Condenser Mic. If you are not in the silent zone most of the time, then you can pick a choice of Dynamic Mic.

Is Condenser Microphone good for live performance?

Most of the performers use Dynamic Microphones for live performance. But you can choose the dynamic mic with the high-end specs if you want for live performance. High-end Condenser Microphones will give you a delicate and breathy voice.

You can check out the best 10 Best Microphones For Singing Or Recording Vocals Here!


With all those things covered up. I would like to wrap up some things in short over here. You might have understood all the pros and cons of the Condenser Microphone.

Condenser Microphones are best for the studio setup which is a silent environment. If you are looking for a mic for your own voice recordings, vocals and singing in your room or studio. Then your choice should be Condenser Microphone.

You will love the sound quality of the Condenser Microphone which is clear.

But, if you are looking for a mic to use in public places or in the noisy area, you should pick Dynamic Mic.

If you have anything to say or ask about this post, you can put that in the comment section below.

You might also like some of our other best articles as well:

In-Depth Blue Spark SL Condenser Microphone Review
Top 5 Best Condenser Microphones Under $300 in 2021
Top 10 Best Condenser Microphones Under $100 In 2021
5 Best Condenser Microphones For Vocals
6 Best Large-Diaphragm Condenser Microphones

8 thoughts on “What is a Condenser Microphone?”

  1. Condenser microphone is just amazing to use for singing or vocal recording for YouTube or podcast. Thanks for your wonderful help, subscribed your blog for more updates 🙂

  2. I have a dumb question to ask. I’ve never tried recording my vocals with a condenser mike before. Since they pick up sound so well, can you get away with singing quieter and than adjust the volume afterwards, or duplicate the track and turn them both up??

    • Hey Aleister,

      Yes, you can do that. You should go with the mic that is best at ASMR. That would work perfectly for you. Shure SM7B is one of the best suggestions for that in the higher end.

      Do let me know if you want to know anything else.

      Best wishes,


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